The 10 Most Unanswered Questions about Materials
on 11/05/2018

The Nature of Metal Fabrication

Metals that would undergo cutting, bending and assembling into different sizes and shapes is said to have undergone metal fabrication. It is in a fabrication and machine shop that this job is being done, with the use of processes like forming and welding using different kinds of specialized tools.

Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Electrical, prototyping, machine design and hydraulics are other forms of specialization which are of higher level.

There are many raw materials that are used in metal fabrication, and to mention, these are plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. The various stages that comprise the metal fabrication process are cutting and burning, forming, machining, welding and final assembly.

Metal fabrication processes are used to manufacture different machines and structures. The more famous materials that are used for metal fabrication in the creation of many industrial and consumer products like loose parts, structural frames for buildings and machines are the sheet metal and stainless steel.

Sheet metal is fabricated by transforming the metal into thin and flat pieces which are now the sheet metals in various thicknesses called gauge, then these are bended and cut into several shapes and sizes.

Sheet metal can also be done in coiled strips aside from flat pieces, and the metals that are used are aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. Other materials like gold, silver, and platinum are used for purposes of decoration.

Sheet metal fabrication is also intended in the production of car bodies, airplane wings, building materials, and equipment for food processing and others.

The property of stainless steel is very strong, coming out from its varying amounts of elements like alloy of iron, chromium and other elements, thus it can resists corrosion and stain and has a very low need for maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.

Stainless steel has various grades and surface finishes depending on where you want it to be used, and these finishes are brushed finish, satin, mirror, and the coarse finish.

Out of the very intensive process of metal fabrication would result to the production of several industrial and consumer products. Very useful to our daily lives are the main applications of metal fabrication which are the sheet metal fabrication and the stainless steel fabrication.

After the processes of cutting, joining and welding are executed on the metals during its fabrication, depending on your use and budget, you can have the metal powder coated or sandblasted for protection.

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